Terry, the Remarkable Cat

9 Jul

Kathy and Terry.jpg

Kathy and Terry, 2001


Terry was a most remarkable cat.  He had grey hair and green eyes, and when I first took him to the vet  I was told that he was probably two-years-old. Looking at the cat chart, I was convinced that he was a Russian Blue, but the vet told me he was a domestic short hair, a bit on the small side.  I came to understand that it was his personality that made him stand out.


I first met him one winter as part of a group of cats.  My garage door was broken, and because I could not afford to fix it, it stayed open the rest of the season.  When I came home at night, all the neighborhood cats would be huddled against the inside wall of the garage, to escape the wind and snow.  Several of them were plump and/or had collars, but a grey cat and a black cat were underweight and to help them I started feeding the whole crew.


Come spring, I started leaving the food on the side patio, but it became expensive.  One of my born-again Christian tenants and I started to put the dish closer and closer to the house.  The little grey cat was very loud with his meows and I focussed on him, occasionally feeding the black cat also.  When we put the dish inside and left the door open, he came in and from then on he was my cat. I’ve always felt guilty about not adopting the black cat, too, but I already had a dog and three tenants.


We came to call him Terry after another of my then tenants.  Terry, the cat, much beloved by those who knew him, had an inside personality and an outside personality.  Inside, he was docile and obedient–he always used the litter box and he slept at the end of my bed. Except when he didn’t get enough attention–then he would climb onto the mantle and push with his paw on a few things, causing them to clatter to the floor.  But usually he was a gentle soul who cosied up to strangers, often sitting in their laps.


Outside, he was still friendly with neighbors like Carole from next door and the odd stranger, but he could be a terror with  other cats.  He would hide in the hydrangeas and jump out at them. Despite his small size, he was a fearless fighter. I told my vet that I was concerned about his fighting, because his front paws were declawed, but he reassured me, saying that cats fought first and foremost with their mouths. He even threw his fur, as I have heard cats will do.  One time I was reading outside in a lawn chair and he loped by–a grey cat with a grey bird in his mouth. I had always thought of him as different from other cats, but he was demonstrating a behavior that has been practiced by cats immemorial. It even seemed as though he were showing off in front of me.


In the winter he was mostly an inside cat, but he would take excursions into the outside and jump from foot print into foot print and then run back up the stoop and into the house.  After the experience of sheltering in the garage, I think he really appreciated warmth. He would cuddle in my lap as we watched TV and play with his cat toy, a rug-covered wood stand that had a yarn ball hanging from it..  He was extremely dexterous.


When he first started falling apart, I didn’t pay attention.  He started going to the bathroom in the open boxes in my study.  Then the peeing got out of hand and I went to the vet. I was told that he had diabetes.  I thought only overweight animals came down with diabetes, but there he was thin as he’d always been.


I started going to Walgreen’s for insulin and Jenna, my tenant at the time, ended up giving him his shots during the week when I was in Wisconsin.  However, he went slowly downhill over the year and one day I came home to find him in distress.  I called my vet of many years at Best Friends Hospital, but their beds were full, necessitating a drive to another clinic, where the vet told me that he could hydrate Terry but that his diabetes was so bad that he would quickly revert to the present state.  I allowed him to be euthanized and headed home with Terry, now dead, in the passenger seat.  Once I arrived home Jenna helped me bury Terry in the vegetable garden.  Over the years I have often thought of him and what a good companion he was.



Puddles of Color

23 May

This post is also from Claire’s blog: itsaboutthestory.wordpress.com  I wanted my readers to get more of an idea of all the work that Claire’s husband, Ram, has put into the garden (Groton, New York).  Claire has also been involved, of course.


lilacsab 2018

This is a photograph I took the other night, outside.  The colors this year are hitting me like fireworks.  Probably because I looked out and saw grey and brown for so long.  What also strikes me is how fleeting the whole spring is…these beautiful colors only last a few days.  One night last week I walked around the place, the place that my husband has nurtured for 40 years and I wanted to take the most magnificent picture of every single flowering tree.  I wanted to hold the trees and their brilliance forever.

As I started shooting with my newish camera, I realized that even if I could capture the over 20 colorful flowering trees in a one-hour photo shoot, my learning curve with the camera is slow and it takes many photos to get a good shot.

So the next night, I decided, I can’t own this beauty, I can’t…

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The Snow Ball Tree

22 May

This post is one from the blog of my friend Claire Perez.  She and her husband have grown an amazing garden.


IMG_9522 (1)In a few days, this green plant, front and to the left in this post, will become a mound of snowballs, and that is where its name comes from, we call it the snowball bush.  In reality, it is a viburnum.  Several years ago, a bug tried to kill it off.  The bug affected and threatened viburnums across our area.  Our snowball bush disappeared.

As time passed, the viburnum would reappear a little bit more each year: at first a branch with 5 snowballs on it and now this moment when I realize it needs containment or shaping or something.  While not in its full glory, the snowball bush is almost back.

I think its a metaphor.  As long as a little strand of something remains, as long as it is still rooted in the ground somewhere, it stands a chance of rebirth, regrowth.  Kind of like love that is almost killed…

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19 May

Harley 3

I dropped my first cat off at a field near a country road in the late seventies.  Shana (of the Jungle) was what she sounded like, a tough cat not particularly fond of humans or other cats.  Sometimes she would leap at me with her mouth open and I would duck just in time. She refused to use a litter box and she pulled up the carpeting in the hallways with her claws.  I was on the verge of being thrown out of my apartment, so one night my best Minneapolis friend at the time, Don,  arrived in his car and we headed to the Golden Valley Humane Society.  Shana climbed and clawed her way all around the car as he drove.  She managed to scratch me and draw blood.  Once there we were rejected because a vet was not present for the intake.  Don said, “I’m not going through this again.  Let’s face it, once you admit that you took her in because she scratched your co-worker’s niece, she’ll be put on the list to be euthanized.  She has a better chance at life if we drop her off in the country.”  I agreed and we did just that, not without some qualms on my part.  When my father found out about it, he had a fit.  He was a dairy farmer’s son and city people often dropped pets on their property.

My next cat, Terry, was pure bliss but this is Harley’s story.  With Harley I came full circle.  In retirement, my parents bought a Greek Revival house situated on a farm and my brother Barth and some friends built a house across the street from them.  My brother once related a nighttime story that was repeated often during the years my family lived there.  Awake in the middle of the night, he heard a car door open, followed my a small meow.  Sure enough someone had dropped off a kitten.

About two years before my parents sold their house, I came for a visit.  My nieces had discovered a white mother cat and her litter in the upper loft of my parents’ old barn.  The mother, whom they named Celery, had secreted her litter in what was left of the hay mow.  She had placed them in various locations across the loft and under the hay.  They discovered that she talked to each of her children with a meow tailored to him or her.  Celery was a stray and the girls assumed that she had been impregnated by a big black tomcat with a bobbed tail.  She nursed her brood for weeks, a feat that impressed my vet back in Minneapolis.

The girls decided to take Celery to the S.P.C.A. and divide the kittens among their friends (they already had two cats).  I chose the biggest one, a black and white with a strong personality, shades of Shana.  He had a big mouth that sent out spit when he opened it and a fearsome meow.  The girls said he had to have a long name and a short name, so we chose Harlequin and Harley.  My oldest niece, Gwynne, however, dubbed him Beezulbub, because he struck her as a devilish imp.  The friends made their cats into outside cats, which was fine, but unfortunately they were all run over, and mine became the surviving cat of the litter.

On the way from Ithaca to Minneapolis we stopped overnight in South Bend, Indiana.  I brought Harley inside the motel room and quickly lost him.  I looked for him frantically, finally locating him fastened by his claws to the part of the bedspread that hung to the floor, swinging back and forth.  He was still a small kitten and he looked scared, an attitude toward life that was to change as he grew.  His genes from the black tom cat soon took over and he became quite confident.  Harley liked to have his head rubbed but if you didn’t do it exactly the right way, he would bite you, usually not through the skin.

A year later I had a student in one of my English classes at UW-Stout who worked at the Dunn County Human Society.  I’d been thinking about getting a pal for Harley and she talked enthusiastically about adoption.  The staff turned down my original choice, a long haired Persian when I said I would let it go outside, but I soon found a replacement, a black and white cat who was the loudest of the bunch.  I took him home to meet Harley.

Initially, I didn’t notice that Harley dominated the cat I’d named Caspar after my maternal grandfather.  The two males  bonded and became marauders, tearing around the house together.  Unfortunately, having them fixed did not stop them from spraying Jenna’s belongings in the basement.  She had ended up giving my previous cat Terry shots for his diabetes; now she had to deal with them when I was teaching in Wisconsin.  When I moved back to Ithaca in 2008, she was in charge, which I’ve always felt guilty about since I didn’t pick them up until 2009.  I’ve had some regrets about not making them outside cats, since that probably would have been easier for Jenna, and they would not have started putting on so much weight.

Once we were back in Ithaca, the three of us moved into an apartment and then a house in Cayuga Heights.  At night when I went to bed Harley would stand on my stomach and stare down at me.  I couldn’t figure out whether he was trying to show dominance or get attention.  I would throw him off and then he and Caspar, who was usually nestled next to me,  would fight with their mouths or box.  They would stand on their hind legs and fight with their paws like miniature kangaroos.

Their fighting contrasted with the way they licked each other,  Terry, in particular, tried to groom Harley, which was nigh impossible.  The litter seemed to cling to his body, not so with Caspar who, unfortunately, didn’t always use the litter box, but kept himself well-groomed.  Sometimes  they licked the inside of each other’s ears, which I have never seen other cats do.  They often ran to the radiator covers when they heard noises outside.  Alas, that didn’t help them lose weight.

When I returned from my trip to Minneapolis, I found Harley next to his filled water dish.  He was lethargic.  I thought maybe he was dehydrated and made sure he drank some water.  The next day he was still out of it, so I took him to what turned out to be the most expensive place in town, Colonial.  They ran a blood scan and said he had diabetes and a fatty liver.  The vet told me he would need at least 3 days to recover, costing me over $3,000, and that she couldn’t guarantee that would work.  It was difficult to make the decision to euthanize him, but he was in bad straits and his meows were really strange, as though he were in pain.  He still had the energy to jump from my arms to the floor, but once he was there he couldn’t move around very easily.

I buried Harley in my backyard and planted some phlox at the end of his grave.  Every day I come home to not two cats but one.  Harley had the stronger personality of the two and  I find I miss his feistiness.   I’d like to think that Caspar knows Harley is gone.  He has laryngitis  from meowing so much, probably because he is lonely.  I can’t decide whether to get another cat.

1409 Hanshaw Road

16 Apr

Kathy with Books

Kathy with first Bible at 1409 Hanshaw

Masks at halloween at 1409

Masks on Halloween at 1409, Barth is wearing a paper bag

sledding at 1409

Barth and I sledding at 1409, 1960

We only lived at 1409 Hanshaw Road in Ithaca for a year and a half, but it was a pivotal year in our lives: our Grandmother Mapes died, and Barth, who was two, fell down the stairs and was also accidentally dropped on the floor.  Dad laughed after he was dropped and said, “That’s happened to every Mapes baby.”  In addition, I felt very adult when I learned how to plant corn and potatoes in the large vegetable garden.  A family named Ainslie owned the house, but they were on sabbatical in Kansas.  We were renting from them, while waiting for our house to be built.  Like most children, I thought of the house as ours, even though my mother neglected to redecorate–the Ainslies’ furniture became our furniture.

It was a small white house of 1920s vintage and close to the road, which drove my mother crazy, for fear my  brother would get run over.  I remember once he ran out in the road and was paddled to make sure he never did it again.  All the houses in the neighborhood had spacious backyards like ours, but they were ranch style, making it clear how much older ours was.  The land in the area wasn’t carved out the way suburban lots usually are and the soil was fairly rich and good for gardening., hinting that we were living on what was left over of a farm and our house was probably the farmhouse.  One of the Cornell farms was up the road about half a mile near Freeze Road.  On the opposite side of the road, Lucente, a local contractor,  was building cheap ranch and two-story houses on what came to be known as the cigarette streets: Tareyton, Winston, and Muriel.

One item we hadn’t had in our previous apartment was the television.  Our parents had decided that we wouldn’t grow up with T.V. so that we would become readers.  But that year I was fully indoctrinated.  The most popular shows at the time were the Flintstones, Ed Sullivan, American Bandstand, and Bonanza.  One of my favorite cartoon shows was Bugs Bunny.  I had a crush on Leslie Nielsen, who played the Swamp Fox on the Walt Disney show, and later became known as the zany guy in the Airplane movies.  The punishment that stands out for me was not being able to watch the Flintstones because I threw crayons at my mother.  I can’t remember why I threw the crayons.  On Friday nights my parents and I set up a card table and played Gin Rummy, and then we watched the Walt Disney show together.  Once we moved to  our new house we didn’t have T.V. for a period of years, but I don’t remember feeling particularly deprived.  I was not, however, very good at television tag.

Barth’s diapers played a role in several events in my memory.  Besides being used on Barth, my mother used them as strainers for the grape jelly she made.  We had a Concord grape arbor behind the house.  Back in the day all mothers used long cloth diapers that were soaked for several hours and then thrown in the wash.  Afterward, they were hung on the line outside.  But jelly-making wasn’t their only unusual use.  One night a car crash took place outside our house and the victims were brought into our kitchen and given diapers to staunch their blood.  I had never seen the aftermath of a car accident and had never seen bloody people.  I watched them fascinated from a corner while calls were made to the ambulance and sheriff.

The worst thing that happened in that house was when my brother fell down the steep stairs.  I had been playing with our toy cars on the stairs and was oblivious to him climbing down to me.  He slipped on the cars and took a header, falling  all the way down to the floor.  My mother picked him up and rushed with him in her arms to the backyard.  She sat down, still holding him.  “You could have killed him,” she said.  I already felt bad and she made me feel worse, but I sat down on the grass next to her and apologized.  I checked him out and found that he was none the worse for wear, although I have to admit I never forgot the incident.

For a fort, my father cleaned out the chicken coop in the backyard and laid down part of a straw rug on the ground inside.  It was here I ran away to when I was upset with my mother one day.  It was definitely not a place adults would want to come to because you had to get down on the ground and crawl in. I took my small round suitcase that all girls had at the time and my Sleeping Beauty book.  The book was short and with nothing else to do I went back to the house.  My mother said, “You’re back already?”  However, I was over whatever had upset me that day.

I had two girlfriends in the neighborhood, one named Verna who was my age and another named Donna who was a year older.  Verna was a very nice person but her mother left a little to be desired.  One day she chased Verna all over her backyard with a switch.  She finally grabbed her and hit her backside.   I thanked my lucky stars that my mother spanked me inside the house and that the one time I had been made to suck on soap the punishment took place inside the bathroom.  Verna was not allowed to touch several of her dolls.  They stood on shelves, a restriction Mom and I both thought was ridiculous.  On the other hand, Donna was the neighborhood sophisticate–she always decided what we were going to do that day and she had a certain hauteur about her.  I have no memory of her mother.  Donna  was in charge, except of her brother Tony who called me “Baby Face” and was consistently nasty.  I often wondered whether or not he would become a juvenile delinquent.  I think he actually may have become a cop.

I remember that year and a half better than many others because I was so happy there.  I was a shy, giggly girl, but once at Girl Scout camp, which came later, one of the counselors said “that nobody liked me” and I retreated into my shell.



April 4, 2018

14 Apr

April 4, 2018

Sharp pellets of angry hail drive through me,

hammering at my unprotected face,

and seeking to destroy my equilibrium,

as I walk straight into the wind, attacked.

The chestnut trees crackle their wrath above me.

A loose limb beckons me to stand beneath it.

It’s just me and the wind seeking to find my soft spots,

searching inside my coat to lift me and carry me off.

Fall Creek surges and spits its froth at me.

Green water slides alluringly across cold rock.

On islands dead trees poise predator-like over the stream,

to snag innocent passersby on wayward branches.


My Great-grandfather, Philip Michael Scheuren

9 Mar

Phil Scheuren.jpg


Phil Scheuren ( pronounced Shiren) outside the Mapes farm house

Often when I feel twinges of arthritis from my neck, knees, and thumbs, I remember the way my father Barth described his Grandfather Scheuren’s  hands: “This is how his hands looked,” and Dad would take his own large hands and hold them up so they looked like claws.  Whether the fabled hands of my great-grandfather were deformed simply by his arthritis, or whether his years of playing baseball without much protection also contributed, I will probably never know because I  was never able to meet him.  In 1938, he died in a car accident in Florida at the age of seventy-four that also injured his wife, and was long gone by the time I showed up.  I have had to recreate who he was and what he stood for from what I remember of my father’s memories and some written comments about his life by other people.

The Scheuren family lived in Girardville, Pennsylvania, a borough of Schuyler County, fifty-eight miles northwest of Reading.  Tragedy befell them when Michael, Phil’s father,  and Phil’s brother, Big Tom, died in a mining accident.  Big Tom was reported to have been close to 7 feet tall and we have always thought my brother’s height of 6′ 7″ came from the Scheuren line. Michael and his wife, Anna, were immigrants from Prussia with a modest income, but the family was able to pay the priest for the two burials.  However, Big Tom  had been a sexton and when the priest refused to turn over his earnings, they left the Catholic Church.  My brother tried to find the church in Girardville, Pennsylvania, but discovered that it had burned down with all its records.  After the deaths Phil, who was then age nine, went to work as a red point.  The red points worked at the side of a conveyor belt, picking out the slate from the other coal.  The slate was sharp and often cut their hands, hence the name red point.  In other words, even though the family had experienced tragedy at the mine, they still needed the money that Phil could earn there.

Outside of my Grandma Lela, one of Phillip Scheuren’s children, and my Grandpa John Mapes,  my great-grandfather was the one person who was remarked on most frequently by my father.  As a young man in Ashland, Pennsylvania, Phillip was a talented professional baseball player in the Central Pennsylvania League.  In fact, Miller Huggins, one of the friends with whom he played, went on to bat for Cincinnati and to coach the Yankees, and another friend whom he played against, Connie Mack, became a famous catcher  and the manager and owner of the Philadelphia Athletics.  The three men played in the area around Reading, Pennsylvania.  According to “Phil Scheuren is Popular Candidate,” an article on his race to be justice of the peace, in the Monticello Watchman (1927-1928), Phillip played the positions of short stop and pitcher.

Several years ago I read a book, Catcher,  by Peter Morris, that relates the physical damage that baseball players of the time experienced, especially the catchers.  They often caught baseballs with their hands and had little or no protective gear.  That this was true in Reading, Pennslyvania is supported by a blog post, “Play Ball! Baseball Town Reading, Pa,” from the Berks History Center website, “Reading, Pennsylvania has a long history in baseball, dating back to 1875 when the Reading Actives organized one of the first professional minor league teams.  Playing the game at what is now 17th and Perkiomen Avenue, players wore no gloves or other protective equipment.”  Someone who played short stop and pitcher would undoubtedly have damaged his hands back then.  The Watchman states that Phillip was forced to quit baseball in 1890 when “he fell down and hurt his leg and for seven weeks was in the hospital.”

Phillip turned out to be a jack of all trades when he was raising his family.  When his family was younger,  he worked as the Chief of Police in Deposit, New York.    He and his wife, Etta Mae Bell, had a brood of five in Deposit, including Ida, John, Phillip, Lela (my grandmother), and another Etta with the middle name Rebecca.  I also seem to remember that they lost a couple babies, but it’s been a long time since I looked at the census taken in Deposit.  The same Watchman piece remarks that “For ten years he had regulated the conduct of the people of that town and quit the job to come to Monticello to run a lunch wagon.”

That lunch wagon was to be his main stock in trade. In “From the Lunch Wagon to the Diner to Our Cherished Legends,” an article in the County Democrat dated September 30, 2005, John Conway gives the history of the Monticello “lunch wagon.”  Those that survived became diners.  According to Conway,  “Possibly the earliest lunch wagon belonged to Phil Scheuren; certainly it was the most traveled”. . . .”Scheuren’s original cream-colored lunch wagon had a counter and nine stools and windows decorated with pictures of George Washington and Abraham Lincoln.” An unlikely source of competition was his oldest child, Ida, and her husband, Harold Gager, who started their “lunch wagon in Ellenville as early as 1912” (Conway), later moving into Monticello with their business and opening a diner.  A rift appeared for a period of years when the diners competed head to head that my father Barth and his brother Jack ignored, figuring they were not a part of the family dispute.   It had long been smoothed over by the time I came along.

As happy as my great-grandfather was in his life, tragedy again reached its head when his son Phillip died in New York City during the famous swine flu epidemic of 1918.

Phil Scheuren and Savage Smith.jpg

Phil Scheuren and John Ashford (undated).  He looks like my Aunt Becky in this picture.

An article from the Sullivan County Republican, dated October 11, 1918, states that “[t]he funeral of Philip Scheuren was held Sunday afternoon at two o’clock at the home of his parents on West Broadway. The Rev. Mr. Walker officiated. Pall bearers were Willie Costa, Leon Mitchell, Clyde Stratton, Ralph Stratton, Harold Hamilton and Delmont Race. Myron Doyle was flower bearer. Four girls from the Methodist church sang and Mrs. Walker played. Burial in Rock Ridge cemetery.”  My father mentioned young Phil’s death several times over the years, but never stressed the impact the death had on his family.  If I’d known about it when I was young, I would certainly have asked my great aunts about their memories of him.  It’s notable that he was laid out in their house, a common practice at the time.

His experience of his son dying did not rob him of the joy of life.  He is described as follows in the Republican Watchman of 1923-24: “Phil Scheuren and his wife are
spending some days at Ashland, Pa.,and other* points, visiting relatives and friends. Phil, as he is known at the lunch wagon, takes much pleasure in meeting once a year the boys
of the Ashland Association. They have a get-together day on Sept. 1st.  Phil in his younger days was a lively fellow at the baseball diamond, and could run a race with the best runners of: his day.  They are expected to return to their home this week.”  The Ashland Boys Association was a group of miners who celebrated their past work and mourned the failure of the coal businesses in the Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania.  According to my brother, during the Depression, my father and his brother, Jack, accompanied their grandfather on a Pennsylvania trip where they visited the former mine where he had worked.  The mines in the area were closed, but the families were desperate for money and were actively taking coal out of the mines to sell, which was very dangerous work.  Jack remembered that the miners yelled at his grandfather for bringing the boys there since what the miners were doing was illegal and they didn’t want to be found out.

Dad said that his grandfather always liked to be at the center of things.  At Christmas he liked to be the one to hand out the packages.  This was before there were many different kinds of wrapping paper.  Each family wrapped their presents in a different shade of tissue paper, so as to be identified one from another, and then he would alternate when passing them out.  He was a popular person in town and popular in his own family.

My father always thought the best part of going to NYC was visiting Yankee Stadium to watch the Yankees play.  Because of his connections, my great-grandfather was able to get good tickets to watch the games.  He would contact Miller Huggins, and, in turn, Huggins would send them tickets.  Dad was then between ten and fourteen years of age. The family usually had seats behind the dugout and there was a fair amount of good-natured calling back and forth between Huggins and my great-grandfather.  A group of people would often go down.  Later, my cousin Bruce related a story of how my grandmother became annoyed at someone who was ringing big bells with high emotion.  She grabbed the bells when he wasn’t looking and hid them for the duration of the game.

Dad took my mother and us back to Pennsylvania when we were teenagers.  It was a  grey and misty day and I began to get a headache as we drove back and forth around the mountain switchbacks.  We were looking for relatives and we finally found one at home, Mr. Bell, an older relative from my great-grandmother Etta Mae Bell’s Scotch-Irish side of the family.  My mother exclaimed at poor Mr. Bell’s nose, which was exactly like my father’s, but that man and that nose were to be our only discoveries of that day.

I felt more successful recently when I discovered Philip Scheuren’s mother’s grave online.  You can see that the etching on the stone was done in German, Anna’s first language. I also looked at the 1860 and 1870 census pages for Ashland, Pennsylvania.  In the 1860 census, both Phil’s father and his brother Tom are apparent, while in the 1870 census, both men have passed on, but twins Barbara and Francis make an appearance.

Anna Maria Scheuren

Anna Maria Scheuren’s gravestone

Somewhere in between 1860 and 1880 Phil’s family was intact, but we don’t know exactly when the mining accident occurred.

We know that Phil stayed in touch with one of the twins, Barbara, who married a man with the last name of Bittle, because one of Phil’s obituaries is titled “Barbara Scheuren’s Bittle’s Brother.”  We also have this picture of my father with one of his Bittle cousins:

Barth and Bittle, Monticello, New York 2

My father, Barth Mapes, with a Bittle cousin somewhere on the Mapes farm.  My grandfather apparently didn’t have his first name.

I like to think that Philip Scheuren would enjoy the fact that I have looked into his life and that of his family.  Family was obviously important to him.

Compiled in part from the writing of my father, Barth Mapes, and the research of my brother, Barth Mapes.